Low Temperature Iron Phosphate Coating for Carbon Steel - Freiborne Industries, Inc Low Temperature Iron Phosphate Coating for Carbon Steel - Freiborne Industries, Inc

Product Type: Freibond D36
   

High quality low temperature iron phosphate coating chemical for carbon steel, primarily applied by spray. FREIBOND D36 is designed to both clean the substrate surface and simultaneously impart a uniform coating excellent for bonding paint.

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FREIBOND D36 is a high quality low temperature iron phosphate coating chemical for carbon steel, primarily applied by spray. FREIBOND D36 is designed to both clean the substrate surface and simultaneously impart a uniform coating excellent for bonding paint. The unique surfactant package provides superior cleaning performance, is very low foaming, and floats oils to the surface for easy removal. FREIBOND D36 may also be used by immersion but at double the recommended
concentration.

Stainless steel, mild steel, and high temperature acid resistant plastics are suitable for processing equipment. Full cone spray nozzles, such as Spraying Systems WhirlJet® nozzles, are normally used in spray applications to ensure uniform application of FREIBOND D36. Spray pressures should be maintained at 15 psig for optimum coating. Spray pressure above 20 psig will create inconsistencies and voids in the iron phosphate coating.

Utilization of deionized or reverse osmosis water in the system will reduce both chemical consumption and sludge generation. Application equipment should be cleaned or a regular maintenance cycle with PICKLE 2 to remove sludge and scale deposits that may interfere with application and subsequent performance.

To charge the tank, fill to the three-quarter level with water and for each 1000 gallons of working solution; add 35 gallons (350 pounds) of FREIBOND D36 and 2.3 gallons of NEUTRALIZER 35. Bring the tank up to the working level with water and heat to the operating temperature, from 80°F – 160°F.
Once the optimum temperature has been determined, it should be maintained within ±5°F. A processing bath built up according to these recommendations will result in approximately 10.0 points of Total Acid and a pH adjustment value of 0.2-04.6.

An appropriate FREICLEAN product followed by a rinse stage can precede FREIBOND D36 cleaner/phosphating application, but is not required. If a supplementary cleaner is used ahead of the FREIBOND D36 the rinse stage ahead of the FREIBOND D36 can be adjusted with ADDITIVE 37P, at 0.5 to 2.0 points of total acid, to prevent alkaline cleaner drag-in and prepare the substrate for phosphating.

To maintain the bath’s performance it should be regularly tested and adjusted to within operating parameters. Normal processing time with FREIBOND D36 is 90 seconds but processing times often range from 60 to 180 seconds. Processing parameters can vary widely based on individual processes and performance requirements. Typical operating parameters are listed below. Your Freiborne
representative will help develop the proper operating parameters for your specific needs.

The pH value can be run on the negative, or free acid, side when numerous welds or laser cutting oxides are present. Consult your Freiborne representative to determine what are the optimum operating parameters for your particular situation.
The FREIBOND D36 treatment is typically followed by a rinse stage and a chrome free final seal rinse such as FREICON RSX.

Control is based on Total Acid with pH adjustment.

Total Acid Test:

Pipet a 10 ml sample into a suitable beaker or Erlenmeyer flask and add 10 drops of Indicating Solution 14 (thymolphthalein). Titrate with Testing Solution 11 (0.1N NaOH) to a permanent faint blue endpoint. An addition of 3 gallons of FREIBOND D36 per 1000 gallons will raise the Total Acid by 1 point.

pH Adjustment:

Pipet a 10 ml sample into a suitable beaker or Erlenmeyer flask and add 4 drops of Indicating Solution 2 (Bromcresol green) and 50 mls of deionized or distilled water. If the sample turns blue titrate with Testing Solution 20 (0.1N H2SO4) from blue to green. If the sample turns green or yellow, a negative
pH adjustment value is indicated. Titrate with Testing Solution 11 to a blue color.

Use ADDITIVE 37P to adjust the pH value down if the Total Acid is within normal operating parameters. Use FREIBOND D36 to adjust the pH value if the Total Acid is below the normal operating parameters. To lower the pH adjustment by 0.1 points, add 1.5 gallons of FREIBOND D36 or 190 mls of Additive 37P per 1000 gallons of solution.

To raise the pH adjustment by 0.1 points, add 450mls of NEUTRALIZER 35 per 1000 gallons of working solution.

Additional Information

Temp Range

110-140

Substrate

Carbon Steel

Applications

Paint Pretreatment, Cleaning

Product Type

Conversion Coatings

Product Line

Freibond

Method

Spray or Immersion

Ordering Information

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